Total capital expenditures for property, plant and equipment and intangible assets (excluding intangibles acquired through business combinations) amounted to $1,293 million, $1,021 million and $840 million in 2012, 2011 and 2010, respectively. In 2012, 2011 and 2010, capital expenditures exceeded total depreciation and amortization expenses for the respective year.
Capital expenditures in 2012 remained at a significant level in mature markets, reflecting the geographic distribution of our existing production facilities. Capital expenditures in Europe and North America in 2012 were driven primarily by upgrades and maintenance of existing production facilities, mainly in the United States, Sweden, Switzerland and Germany, as well as by new facilities, principally in Sweden, the United States and Switzerland. Capital expenditures in emerging markets increased in 2012 from 2011, with expenditures highest in China, Brazil, India and Poland, mainly for new facilities. Capital expenditures in emerging markets were mostly made to expand or build new facilities to increase the production capacity. The share of emerging markets capital expenditures as a percentage of total capital expenditures in 2012 and 2011 was 31 percent and 34 percent, respectively. In 2010, capital expenditures in Europe were primarily driven by maintenance and upgrades of existing production facilities to improve productivity, mainly in Switzerland, Sweden and Germany.
Construction in progress for property, plant and equipment at December 31, 2012, was $627 million, mainly in Sweden, the United States, Switzerland, Germany and Brazil. Construction in progress for property, plant and equipment at December 31, 2011, was $548 million, mainly in Sweden, Switzerland, the United States, Brazil and China. Construction in progress for property, plant and equipment at December 31, 2010, was $447 million, mainly in Switzerland, Sweden, Germany, the United States, China and Poland.
In 2013, we plan to decrease our capital expenditures but estimate the amount will be higher than our annual depreciation and amortization charge. We anticipate investments will be higher in the Americas and Asia but will decrease in Europe.